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Alternate Member, Mineral/Energy Stakeholder, Royalty Policy Committee

Gabrielle Gerholt is an alternate member of the Department of Interior’s Royalty Policy Committee, and as a member of this committee advises Secretary Zinke “on policy and strategies to improve management of the multi-billion dollar, federal and American Indian mineral revenue program.”

Gabrielle Gerholt “holds a J.D. from the Temple University Beasley School of Law, an M.S. from Tulane University and a B.S. from New Mexico Highlands University.” Gerholt began her career “as an Assistant District Attorney, prosecuting drug traffickers under a federal grant.” Next, she was associate counsel at the New Mexico State Land Office, where she “was charged with representation for Oil, Gas and Minerals focusing on leasing and royalty issues.” Gerholt was “assistant general counsel for the Oil Conservation Division in the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department, where she represented the division on various regulatory and rulemaking matters.” In 2013, Gerholt joined the Santa Fe office of law firm Holland & Hart, where she represented oil and natural gas companies before her previous employer, the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department. Since 2015, Gerholt, a registered lobbyist, has been the New Mexico Government Relations Advisor for Concho Resources Inc., an “independent oil and natural gas company.”

Sources: [Department of Interior, Press Release, 09/01/17, Holland & Hart, Press Release, 09/12/13, New Mexico Secretary of State Search for Gabrielle Gerholt, 2015, accessed 09/27/17, New Mexico Secretary of State Search for Gabrielle Gerholt, accessed 09/27/17, and Dale Janway, “Mayor’s August Progress Report,” Current-Argus, 08/28/16, “Oil Conservation Commission Recent Rulemaking Proceedings Current Operator Issues Oil Conservation Division Interpretation of the New Rules,” American Association of Petroleum Landmen via Slidegurl, 09/17/12, and “Company Overview of Concho Resources, Inc.,” Bloomberg, accessed 09/28/17]

Special Interests

Encana Oil and Gas (Resource Development on Public Lands)

Gerholt represented Encana Oil & Gas when she was attorney at Holland & Hart.

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EOG Resources Inc. (Resource Development on Public Lands)

Gerholt represented oil and natural gas company EOG Resources Inc. when she was an attorney at Holland & Hart.

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WPX Energy Production (Resource Development on Public Lands)

Gerholt represented natural gas company WPX Energy Production when she was an attorney at Holland & Hart. WPX Energy Production operates as a subsidiary of WPX Energy Inc.

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WPX Energy Inc. (Resource Development on Public Lands)

Gerholt represented WPX Energy Production, a subsidiary of WPX Energy Inc., when she was an attorney at Holland & Hart.

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COG Operating LLC (Resource Development on Public Lands)

Gerholt represented oil and natural gas company COG Operating LLC when she was an attorney at Holland & Hart. COG Operating LLC operates as a subsidiary of Concho Resources Inc., Gerholt's current employer.

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Concho Resources Inc. (Resource Development on Public Lands)

Gerholt currently works for Concho Resources, Inc., an independent oil and natural gas company headquartered in Midland, Texas.

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XTO Energy Inc. (Resource Development on Public Lands)

Gerholt represented natural gas company XTO Energy, Inc. when she was an attorney at Holland & Hart. XTO Inc. operates as a subsidiary of ExxonMobil.

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ExxonMobil Corporation (Resource Development on Public Lands)

Gerholt represented XTO Energy, Inc., a subsidiary of ExxonMobil, when she was an attorney at Holland & Hart.

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Association of Professional Landmen (Resource Development on Public Lands)

Gerholt spoke at an AAPL event in 2016; AAPL is a trade organization that represents the "interests of America's landmen before the public, legislators and federal administrations and agencies" and "works closely with the public to advance oil and gas interests."

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Background Information

Previous Employers

New Mexico State Land Office

New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Department

Holland & Hart

Concho Resources Inc.

Additional Background on Employers of Note:

While working at law firm Holland & Hart, Gabrielle Gerholt represented multiple oil and natural gas companies including Encana Oil & Gas, EOG Resources Inc., WPX Energy Production, COG Operating LLC, and XTO Energy, Inc. Gerholt represented these companies before the New Mexico Energy, Minerals and Natural Resources Oil Conservation Division, where she worked immediately before joining Holland & Hart.

Gabrielle Gerholt represented Encana Oil & Gas in its application asking for an order “approving [Encana’s] Hutton Canyon Unit,” “creating a new pool for horizontal wells within the unit area,” and “allowing for 330 foot setbacks from the exterior of the proposed Unit” in San Juan County, New Mexico.

[“Application of Encana Oil & Gas (Usa) Inc. For Approval of The Hutton Canyon Unit, Creation of a New Pool for Horizontal Development Within the Unit Area, and for Allowance of 330 Foot Setbacks from the Exterior of the Proposed Unit, San Juan County, New Mexico,” New Mexico Energy Minerals and Natural Resources Department, 09/25/14]

Gabrielle Gerholt represented EOG Resources Inc. in its application “for a Non-standard Spacing and Proration Unit, and Compulsory Pooling” in Lea County, New Mexico.

[“Application of EOG Resources, Inc. For a Non-standard Spacing And Proration Unit, and Compulsory Pooling, Lea County, New Mexico,” New Mexico Energy Minerals and Natural Resources Department, 08/28/14]

Gabrielle Gerholt represented WPX Energy Production in its application “for Approval Of the Northwest Lybrook Unit; Creation Of a New Pool for Horizontal Development Within the Unit Area, and for Allowance Of 330 Foot Setbacks from the Exterior of The Proposed Unit” in Rio Arriba and San Juan Counties, New Mexico.

[“Application Of WPX Energy Production, LLC for Approval Of the Northwest Lybrook Unit; Creation Of a New Pool for Horizontal Development Case No. 15201 Within the Unit Area, and for Allowance Of 330 Foot Setbacks from the Exterior of The Proposed Unit, Rio Arriba and San Juan Counties, New Mexico,” New Mexico Energy Minerals and Natural Resources Department, 09/11/14]

Gabrielle Gerholt represented COG Operating LLC in its application to “make permanent the special rules adopted under Order R-13523 for the Dodd Glorieta Upper Yeso Pool and the Burch Keeley Glorieta Upper Yeso Pool” in Eddy County, New Mexico.

[“Application of COG Operating LLC to Make Permanent the Special Rules Adopted Under Order R-13523 for the Dodd Glorieta Upper Yeso Pool and the Burch Keeley Glorieta Upper Yeso Pool in Eddy County, New Mexico,” New Mexico Energy Minerals and Natural Resources Department, 09/26/14]

Gabrielle Gerholt represented XTO Energy, Inc. in its application “For a Non-Standard Spacing and Proration Unit, and Compulsory Pooling,” in Lea County, New Mexico.

[“Application of XTO Energy, Inc., For a Non-Standard Spacing and Proration Unit, and Compulsory Pooling, Lea County, New Mexico,” New Mexico Energy Minerals and Natural Resources Department, 09/26/14]

Other Information

Gabrielle Gerholt is registered to lobby in New Mexico on behalf of Concho Resources Inc.

She has been a registered lobbyist for Concho since 2015; her current registration will expire on December 31, 2017.

[New Mexico Secretary of State Search for Gabrielle Gerholt, 2015, accessed 09/27/17, New Mexico Secretary of State Search for Gabrielle Gerholt, 2016, accessed 09/27/17, and New Mexico Secretary of State Search for Gabrielle Gerholt, 2017, accessed 09/27/17]

Gabrielle Gerholt opposes the BLM’s Methane and Waste Prevention Rule, a rule to curb “methane venting, flaring and leakage during oil and gas production” that would address “a potent greenhouse gas…accelerating climate change.” Gerholt opposes the rule because, she claims, it would cost companies too much to “absorb” the cost of capturing gas.

Gabrielle Gerholt, in 2016, expressed the “need for federal regulation reform” at the Carlsbad Mayor’s Oil and Gas Summit, “highlight[ing]….the BLM’s proposed venting and flaring rule.”

[Maddy Hayden, “Summit theme evident as speakers push for reform,” Carlsbad Current-Argus, 09/13/16]

The “Bureau of Land Management’s Methane and Waste Prevention Rule… aims to prevent methane venting, flaring and leakage during oil and gas production” by forcing “oil and gas companies to capture methane that had been previously burned off or ‘flared’ at drilling sites.” If implemented, the rule “would prevent roughly 180,000 tons a year of methane from escaping into the atmosphere and would boost federal revenue between $3 million and $13 million a year,” coming from royalties paid by oil and gas companies.

[Pamela King, “Westerners fear GOP’s ‘morally outrageous’ BLM rule rollback,” Energy & Environment, 02/03/17, and Juliet Eilperin and Chelsea Harvey, “Senate unexpectedly rejects bid to repeal a key Obama-era environmental regulation,” Washington Post, 05/10/17]

The BLM rule addresses methane, “a potent greenhouse gas that is accelerating climate change.” The rule would also help the “health and well-being” of people living near oil and gas facilities, by reducing the presence of “colorless, odorless, invisible methane gas, which when combined with other harmful gases creates smog” and causes “more cases of respiratory conditions like asthma.”

[Juliet Eilperin and Chelsea Harvey, “Senate unexpectedly rejects bid to repeal a key Obama-era environmental regulation,” Washington Post, 05/10/17, and Hispanic Access Foundation, Press Release, 02/08/17]

Gabrielle Gerholt said of the BLM’s flaring rule that “for New Mexico wells to contain the excess gas instead of flaring it would be unsustainable” because they wouldn’t be able to “‘absorb [the] costs'” of capturing gas. Gerholt also cited a statistic from the New Mexico Oil and Gas Association, a “coalition of oil and natural gas companies,” that claimed the “expenses needed to comply” with the BLM methane rule and a recent EPA rule “would lead companies to either shut-in or plug 10 percent of New Mexico’s production.”

[Maddy Hayden, “Summit theme evident as speakers push for reform,” Carlsbad Current-Argus, 09/13/16, and “About NMOGA,” New Mexico Oil and Gas Association, accessed 09/28/17]

At the Carlsbad Mayor’s Oil and Gas Summit, Gerholt “called for the audience to contact federal legislators and voice their criticisms of the rules.”

[Maddy Hayden, “Summit theme evident as speakers push for reform,” Carlsbad Current-Argus, 09/13/16]

In 2016, Gabrielle Gerholt gave a “legislative & regulatory update” on behalf of Concho Resources to the American Association of Professional Landmen, which works “to advance oil and gas interests.”

The American Association of Professional Landmen (AAPL) is a trade organization that represents the “interests of America’s landmen before the public, legislators and federal administrations and agencies” and “works closely with the public to advance oil and gas interests.”

[“Santa Fe Land Institute,” Americas Association of Professional Landmen, accessed 09/27/17, and “AAPL,” Americas Association of Professional Landmen, accessed 09/27/17]